Hieroglyphics: Egyptian, Mayan, and Chinese Characters

28 Jan

I was inspired by the information I found today. I want to give back to mythology. Mythology has been a invaluable tool, mirroring my image in composite archetypes, symbols and stories that take one inward towards the transcendent: a sweeping woooosh, motion moves one head first into the nature of human condition, a reverse ellipses route that accelerated in multitudes of its own power in the analog process: self-realization down the rabbit hole,spiritual alchemy and self-actualization. Self actualization is relative to personal definition, morpheus mold filled with mercury, that changes with enacted intention of applied pursuit and the intensity of heat, a thermostat set by the hunger of the hunter. My present personal definition of self actualization is: being and being enlightened as a w/hole in the w/hole illusory web of oneness), towards infinity on Adobe Illustrator between classes at the library.

The following image is the product from inspired process:


The most ancient hieroglyphs date from the end of the 4th millennium BC
and comprise annotations to the scenes cut in  relief
-found on slabs of slate in chapels or tombs- that had been donated as votive offerings.
Although by no means all of these earliest signs can be read today,
it is nonetheless probable that these forms are based on the same system as the later classical hieroglyphs.

In individual cases, it can be said with certainty that it is not the copied object that is designated
but rather another word phonetically similar to it.

This circumstance means that hieroglyphs were from the very beginning phonetic symbols.
An earlier stage consisting exclusively of picture writing
using actual illustrations of the intended words
cannot be shown to have existed in Egypt;
indeed, such a stage can with great probability be ruled out.

No development from pictures to letters took place;
hieroglyphic writing was never solely a system of picture writing.

It can also be said with certainty that the jar marks
(signs on the bottom of clay vessels)
that occur at roughly the same period do not represent
a primitive form of the script.
Rather, these designs developed in parallel fashion
to hieroglyphic writing and were influenced by it.

It is not possible to prove the connection of hieroglyphs
to the slightly older  cuneiform characters used by the Sumerians
in southern Mesopotamia.

Such a relationship is improbable because the two scripts are
based on entirely different systems.

What is conceivable is a general tendency toward words being
fixed by the use of signs,
without transmission of particular systems.

Early Egyptian Hieroglyphic mathematics used decimal description, as we do now,
 
and binary calculation, as do our computers.
Their fundamental expansion of numbers was
in terms of a power series in powers of two,
using both negative and positive powers:

...  1/64  1/32  1/16  1/8  1/4  1/2  1  2  4  8  16  32  64  ...

Just as Fourier transforms are power series in exp(i t),
where exp(i t) is a U(1) group rotation of the unit circle S1,
the binary power series can represent Walsh functions,
based on the 2-point group Z2 of the 0-dimensional sphere S0.
(Walsh functions may be useful in Quantum Computing.)

The six fractions
1/64  1/32  1/16  1/8  1/4  1/2

were enough for a lot of rough calculations,
so they became known as the Horus-Eye fractions,
from their identification with the six parts of
the Eye of Horus:
 
The Egyptians generally used unit fractions, of the form 1/N,
so their usual notation consisted of integers and their inverses:
 
Early Egyptian mathematics seems to be more sophisticated
than was thought to be the case a few years ago.
To quote Kevin Brown's discussion of recent work of Milo Gardner:

"... the 2/n table of the Rhind Papyrus,
which dates from more than a thousand years before Pythagoras,
seems to show an awareness of
prime and composite numbers,
a crude version of the "Sieve of Eratosthenes",
a knowledge of the arithmetic, geometric, and harmonic means,
and of the "perfectness" of the number 6."
The the Rhind papyrus recommends that
multiplication be done in the following way.
Assume that we want to multiply 41 by 59.
Take 59 and add it to itself,
then add the answer to itself and continue:-

            41          59
            ______________
             1          59
             2         118
             4         236
             8         472
            16         944
            32        1888
            ______________

Since 64 is greater than 41,
there is no need to go beyond the 32 entry.
Now go through a number of subtractions

41 - 32 = 9, 9 - 8 = 1, 1 - 1 = 0

to see that 41 = 32 + 8 + 1.
Next check the numbers in the right hand column
corresponding to 32, 8, 1 and add them.

                        59
            ______________
             1          59     X
             2         118
             4         236
             8         472     X
            16         944
            32        1888     X
            ______________
                      2419

Notice that the multiplication is achieved with only additions,
notice also that this is a very early use of binary arithmetic.
Reversing the factors we have

             59          41
             ______________
             1           41     X
             2           82     X
             4           16
             8          328     X
            16          656     X
            32         1312     X
            _______________
                       2419

Here are some speculations that, as far as I know, are unsupported by evidence, but are fun: What if the Egyptians had used the mouth symbol by itself, not to stand for a fraction, but for the only number, 0, that has no finite reciprocal? Then, the Egyptian zero (mouth) would look a lot like the Mayan zero (eye). What if the Egyptians had used the other Eye of Horus to correspond to the six numbers 2 4 8 16 32 64 so that, together, both Eyes of Horus
could represent the 64+64 dimensional even Clifford algebra Cle(0,8)
used in the D4-D5-E6-E7-E8 VoDou Physics model?

What if the Egyptians, who liked unit fractions,
had known that the Golden Mean PHI could be represented
by the continued fraction
                     1
PHI =  1 +  _________________________
                        1
              1 +  __________________
                            1
                     1 +  ___________
                                1
                           1 + _____
                                1+...
HOW DID ALL THIS WELL-DEVELOPED HIEROGLYPHIC LANGUAGE AND MATHEMATICS APPEAR ABOUT 5000 YEARS AGO?
WHERE DID IT COME FROM?
Egyptian hieroglyphics seem to have been a fully developed
system of writing at least 5,000 years ago.
Perhaps Egyptian and Mayan hieroglyphics are regional forms
of a Global Early Language picture-writing,
and Chinese characters are a simplified abstract version
of the same Global Early Language picture-writing.
Perhaps such languages as cuneiform Sumerian and
the Sarasvati-Sindhu language of India
are less sophisticated writings used in trade and commerce.

Charles Muses, in 1955, saw on the Edfu temple walls some Egyptian numerical symbols for the number 240 mentioned together with Thoth (who was associated with learning and the ogdoad number 8). Muses says the 5-pointed star was an Egyptian numerical notation for 5, and a spiral for 100, and there were 2 spirals and 8 stars.

Muses also noted that the number 240 can be represented in a 3×3 square with a double spiral in the center and 8 stars (5-pointed) around it, similar to a 3×3 Magic Square, and that similar symbols are found in a Central American codex, called Codex Fejevary-Mayer.

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5 Responses to “Hieroglyphics: Egyptian, Mayan, and Chinese Characters”

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